Coffee Bean Belt

Coffee has it’s origins in Africa, from where coffee cultivation moved east and west, and eventually forming a ‘coffee belt’ roughly bounded by the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Coffee growing regions typically offer moderate sunshine and rain, steady temperatures, and rich, porous soil. The delicate tree yields coffee beans which are the economic mainstay for many countries as a natural commodity, having a monetary value surpassed only by oil. That means the middle of the globe has a delicious coffee fruit belt around it, with coffee growing happily in diverse places like Mexico, Ethiopia, Yemen, Vietnam. Coffee likes moderate sunshine and ample moisture, conditions found in mountainous regions – hence many high-quality coffees being grown at higher altitudes.

Bean Types

Their are two main coffee trees, arabicas beget considered the better coffee bean (about 70 percent of the total coffee harvest) and the harsher coffee beans of the hardier robusta tree account for account for 30 percent. Coffee varietals from the different growing regions or countries usually have different and distinctive characteristics such as flavour, caffeine content, body or mouthfeel, and acidity. These characteristics are dependent on the local environment where the coffee plants are grown, their method of process, and the genetic subspecies or varietal. Coffee from the species arabica are richer in flavour than their robusta counterparts arabica has many different varietals, each with unique characteristics.